The Billings Outpost

Stroke certification awarded

The Joint Commission, in conjunction with The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, recently recognized Billings Clinic with Advanced Certification for Primary Stroke Centers.

Achievement of Primary Stroke Center Certification signifies an organization’s dedication to fostering better outcomes.  Billings Clinic’s Primary Stroke Center Certification has demonstrated that their program meets elements of performance to achieve long-term success in improving outcomes for stroke patients.

Billings Clinic underwent an on-site review in June 2013. A Joint Commission expert reviewed Billings Clinic’s compliance with the requirements for The Joint Commission’s Disease-Specific Care Certification program as well as primary stroke center requirements, such as collecting Joint Commission core measure data and using it for performance improvement activities.

Billings Clinic will be able to display The Joint Commission’s Gold Seal of Approval.

Last Updated on Thursday, 15 August 2013 10:58

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Governor releases plan for healthier Montana

HELENA – Montana Gov. Steve Bullock released a plan in June that aims to lead to a healthier Montana. The plan is entitled, “Big Sky. New Horizons. A Healthier Montana: A Plan to Improve the Health of Montanans.”

“We all know that healthy children are better students, healthy adults make a more productive work force, healthy seniors enjoy more satisfying retirement years, and a healthy population is essential to a healthy economy,” Bullock said. “This plan focuses on prevention, saving health care dollars and creating a common agenda for health improvement.”

The plan was released in conjunction with a meeting of the Association of Montana Public Health Officials and the Department of Public Health and Human Services (DPHHS) at the Great Northern Hotel in Helena.

DPHHS led the effort to examine the health of Montanans and develop strategies to address critically important health issues using the best science available. Participation from more than 130 organizations provided essential input into the plan from stakeholders across Montana.

The plan focuses on six health priority areas:

• Preventing, identifying and managing chronic diseases;

• Promoting the health of mothers, infants and children;

• Preventing, identifying and controlling communicable disease, preventing injuries and reducing exposure to environmental health hazards;

• Improving mental health and reducing substance abuse; and,

• Strengthening Montana’s public health and health care system. Within each health priority area are strategies for action.

The document is available at

Creating a healthier Montana will take strong partnerships among state, tribal and local governments, as well as private, non-profit and other community organizations. The governor will appoint an oversight body to direct and oversee the implementation of this plan.

Gov. Bullock encouraged all Montanans to join him in taking responsibility for their health by following recommendations from the plan.

“Stay active and eat well; get age appropriate immunizations; take simple steps to prevent injuries; see a healthcare provider regularly; and contribute to and enjoy a healthy environment,” he said. “Together we can create a healthier Montana.”


Last Updated on Thursday, 15 August 2013 10:57

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Summer ArtWalk shows best of regional artists

More than two dozen art galleries and businesses host free receptions for local and regional artists during the Summer ArtWalk.

The ArtWalk runs from 5-9 p.m. Friday, Aug. 2, downtown. Maps are at the galleries and on Page 19 of this issue of the Outpost.

Among the highlights:

• The Western Heritage Center is holding its Western Artists of America show, which runs through Aug. 31.

• The work of Billings artist Mana Lesman is shown at Barjon’s Books. Ms. Lesman calls her work “graphic surrealism.” Many pieces are concerned with the history of the written word, belief systems and the forms of decoration humans have invented to adorn the objects in our world. 

• Big Sky Cheap Trees shows works by Kerry Epley and Kevyn Pust. Ms. Epley says her son is her greatest inspiration: “I believe I am a super creative genius ... a very abstract artist, and given more space to paint, my possibilities would become limitless.” Mr. Pust, a 17-year-old from Bozeman, says his “exhibit is based completely on space and nature all painted with cans of spray paint.”

• At CTA Architects, artist Dick Moulden says, “I try to put on canvas what I see in nature, and hope the viewer sees something that reminds him or her of a special place or time.”

• Canvas, a local volunteer-powered arts advocacy collective, holds a “reverse auction” in connection with its Extended Exposure exhibition at the Babcock Theater arcade. Live music and refreshments are included. For information, go to

• Photographer Ellen Erikson, who has a bachelor of fine arts degree from Seattle University, shows “A Selection of Photographs” at Good Earth Market. She says, “I shoot the vast majority of my photographs on film, developing the negatives and prints myself. The darkroom is my sanctuary.” Recently she has been working on “old school” techniques that require even more of a hands-on approach.

• Stephen Haraden shows his newest paintings and discusses his works in progress at the Stephen Haraden Studio.

• Jens Gallery opens a new exhibit, “Sticks and Stones,” with an artist’s reception during ArtWalk. The work of two Montana artists is showcased: jewelry artist Kris Kramer of Whitefish and furniture designer Todd Clippinger of Billings. Metal sculptor Laura Walker of Montana State University Billings is the featured student artist of the show. Her work “gives objects a second chance through the fabrication of steel.” 

• At McCormick Café, artist Terri Porta is a Billings native who drew inspiration from her 3-year-old son, Isaac. Work in photography, original oils and a few acrylic masterpieces are shown. Austin Martin plays live music.

• The Toucan Gallery features two artists whose work was recently brought to Billings by the gallery. Ryan Mitchell is a potter from Bozeman whose ceramic vessels represent a stated goal to create beautiful objects meant for everyday use. Brian Reed founded Old School Stationers in Portland, Ore., in 2004. He and his wife, Amy, work without computers, using techniques and equipment from an earlier era.

• The Sandstone Gallery shows pottery and paintings by Jennifer Baretta, paintings and sculptures by Leo Olson and turned wooden bowls by guest artist Gary Lavine. Live music is provided.

• Terry Moore Photographers Studio shows art on the theme of water, drawing on the work of the African Reflections Foundation, which builds wells in African villages.

 She recently made a trip to African, and ArtWalk also showcases the work of photographer Jeff Reiter.


Last Updated on Thursday, 01 August 2013 12:04

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Layman writes ‘frightful’ new book for children

“The Tree of Lights,” by Curt Layman. Tate Publishing and Enterprises, LLC. $9.99

By CAL CUMIN - For The Outpost

Curt Layman sits in front of a couple of hundred kids and asks them what they think of the opening line of his new book, “The Tree of Lights”: “Once upon a time … .”

Before he can continue the gym at the Bridger Elementary School erupts in laughter and jeers. Curt muses, “I think they’ve heard this one before.”

The allotted time passes quickly, the Billings author and carpentry contractor clearly entertaining the young audience while thoroughly enjoying the wide-ranging discussion, as the students keenly question him about book writing, the publishing business, how much money he makes from writing and profit margins. 

Mr. Layman doesn’t do a reading, per se, as the whole hour is spent answering questions and exploring ideas. He says, “I could write another book on just their great questions and unique ideas; and the younger they are the more voluble and the more imaginative their comments.”

The eighth-graders toward the back of the room tend to be more aloof. He tries another opening: “Once upon a most frightful night … .” This one gets some applause, and he can tell it hooks a lot of them.

This is Mr. Layman’s second book. His first, “The Christmas Cheese,” was published last year. It introduced the thimble-size world of a mouse family and the main character, Junior Mouse, and what happens in a typical human home when the ‘tall ones’ leave at Christmas.

With his core characters now known, Mr. Layman is free with this second book to move Junior Mouse into unlimited opportunities of adventure (and probably further books).

The blue-black of the book’s cover with its dark shadow of an old sailing ship on a foaming, ghostly sea leads the young reader directly into “a most frightful night.”

From there it is nonstop action in a world where — not only do animals communicate with people — but a forgotten clan of leering trees can plot in silence, their twisted branches forming spindly arms and gnarly hands to snatch the unaware.

Last Updated on Thursday, 11 July 2013 15:02

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Coexistence is futile, Oregon GM case suggests


By ARI LEVAUX - @arilevaux

In May, the U.S. Department of Agriculture revealed the discovery of an acre-sized group of genetically modified wheat plants growing on an eastern Oregon farm. The farmer notified the agency after becoming alarmed when an application of the herbicide Roundup failed to kill them.

Investigators identified the plants as Roundup Ready wheat, which was engineered by Monsanto to withstand application of its signature herbicide. This strain of wheat had never been approved by USDA, and was last grown experimentally in 2004, when the project was scrapped.

How this stubborn wheat patch ended up in an Oregon field years after it had ostensibly been removed from circulation is a mystery that scientists from USDA and Monsanto have been scrambling to solve. However it came to be, this incident has serious implications for the idea of “coexistence,” a scenario wherein GM and non-GM crops are grown and sold, separately and simultaneously, by U.S. farmers. Coexistence is the policy embraced by USDA chief Tom Vilsack, and his agency.

A big risk posed by coexistence is that GM and non-GM plants will mix, jeopardizing markets for non-GM crops. Immediately after the Oregon GM wheat discovery Japan, one of the U.S.’s largest export markets for wheat, slapped on restrictions on U.S. wheat imports, and South Korea quickly followed suit.

Even if the Oregon wheat turns out to be some kind of well-contained and neatly explained anomaly, American wheat farmers will still have lost market share, to Russia, Australia and others, that may prove difficult to recover.

This was not the first instance of economic fallout from GM contamination of non-GM foods. In 2006, Bayer’s LibertyLink rice contaminated the U.S. rice supply, which tanked export demand for U.S. rice. And in 2000, contamination of non-GM corn by StarLink’s GM corn caused significant economic blowback.

But rather than a red flag, USDA appears to consider events like this as the price of coexistence, as the agency expects such events to be the new normal.

A Feb. 21 USDA report summarizes recommendations made by its Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture. This committee was convened to address coexistence, and its mandate implies more escapes like Oregon’s Roundup Ready wheat are expected.

The committee’s central task is to address the question, “What types of compensation mechanisms, if any, would be appropriate to address economic losses by farmers in which the value of their crops is reduced by unintended presence of genetically engineered (GE) material.”

American wheat farmers might have some questions about this proposed compensation, given what’s transpiring in Oregon. Chicago Attorney Adam Levitt litigated cases against Bayer and StarLink corn, winning judgments of $920 million and $110 million respectively.

He told that his phones have been “very busy” since the Oregon discovery.

Neither StarLink, LibertyLink, nor Monsanto’s un-named Roundup Ready wheat have been shown harmful to humans (though some people believe that StarLink triggered allergic responses). In fact, there is no rock-solid evidence of any human health problems created by (approved) GM foods. But in the marketplace, perception is reality, and if the Japanese aren’t buying GM wheat, that’s the reality that matters.

One of the many unknowns about the Oregon GM wheat situation is whether the plants are a direct descendent from the decade-old trials or the result of GM pollen passing along the resistance to wheat. Monsanto, unsurprisingly, claims this is unlikely, as wheat typically pollinates itself rather than crossing. But it’s not impossible, as some crossing does occur. In fact, there have been several instances of GM plants passing their engineered constructs to other, related species, including weeds, via pollen.

“There has always been a worry with wheat, being in the grass family,” David Ervin, environmental management professor at Portland State University in Oregon, told the New York Times. If there was a transfer of the gene into grasses, he said, “There’s going to be difficulty in controlling those grasses, and you might have to resort to stronger herbicide treatments, some of which have more environmental consequences.”

While instances like the wheat found in Oregon have resulted from supposedly unforeseeable events, USDA’s 2011 approval of GM alfalfa almost dares such escapes to happen. Alfalfa is the main forage crop for dairy cows and one of the principal foods for beef cows, including grass-fed cattle. Alfalfa is bee-pollinated, which means that wherever GM alfalfa is planted, every other alfalfa plant within about five miles will be subject to contamination with GM pollen. Alfalfa is a perennial, commonly living 10 to 25 years. A single plant can produce 16,000 seeds per year, which makes it seem inevitable that organic and grass-fed cattle will eat some GM alfalfa. What happens next isn’t clear. Organic standards prohibit any quantity of GM material in certified-organic products. If GM alfalfa genes travel as far as seems likely, it could mean a change in the definition of organic, or the end of organic meat and dairy entirely.

But instead of concern about this possibility, it appears USDA plans on watching it happen. A Feb. 21 document discusses the need to “Develop monitoring procedures for transgenic alfalfa pollen load and for assessing transgenic presence; this effort will be an important building block for field-based tools.” This isn’t the language of an agency committed to strict separation of GM and non-GM food.

Coexistence, it’s becoming increasingly clear, doesn’t mean two systems, existing side by side in peace. It means that practitioners of one system, non-GM farming, will have to learn to exist with the economic and ecological problems created by its GM counterparts. Given how difficult this counterpart is to control, “accommodation” seems like a more appropriate word than coexistence.

Last Updated on Thursday, 04 July 2013 11:12

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Ecostar winners named

BOZEMAN – Montana State University Extension honored 22 recipients with Ecostar Pollution Prevention awards in a ceremony held in Helena in April.

The Ecostar awards are coordinated by MSU Extension’s Housing and Environmental Health Program and funded in part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

There were 22 EcoStar award winners representing 17 communities from across the state. The Ecostar award program recognizes small businesses, institutions and non-profits that are leading efforts in Montana to voluntarily focus on pollution prevention and create a more environmentally sustainable model.

The award focuses on those taking environmentally responsible steps to reduce solid and hazardous waste, maximize efficiencies, conserve energy and water and improve air quality.

The 2012 EcoStar Award winners by area include (* indicates repeat winner):

Multiple locations: Mackenzie River Pizza Co. * in Billings, Bozeman, Belgrade, Butte, Helena, Great Falls, Missoula, Whitefish and Kalispell

Billings: St. Vincent Healthcare *, Sage Spa Living *

Hinsdale: Hinsdale FFA & Hinsdale Public School

Lewistown: High Plains Horse Blanket Repair

Livingston: Gadanke/Katie Clemons Inc. *, Livingston Healthcare Farm to Cafeteria Program

Missoula: Bayern Brewing, Jackson Contracting

Red Lodge: Red Lodge Mountain

West Glacier: Glacier Guides & Montana Rafting

Yellowstone National Park: Delaware North Co. Parks and Resorts *


Last Updated on Thursday, 04 July 2013 11:10

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$500 million needed for trail maintenance


MISSOULA – The Fourth of July holiday means many Montanans will head for the hills. Those hitting the trails for biking, hiking, horseback riding or motorized recreation in the National Forests may notice some repair work that needs to be done. In fact, the cost to get trails across the country up to basic standards will run to more than $500 million, according to a new GAO report. 

Paul Spitler, Montana-based director of wilderness campaigns for The Wilderness Society, said it may be difficult in these difficult budget times to seek more funding, so creative solutions are needed to maintain public access.

“We know that use is increasing on our trails,” he said. “This is really something that touches Americans of all stripes. Virtually everyone loves the great outdoors and trails are the conduit to the great outdoors.”

Spitler said collaborations and volunteer programs can help leverage repair funding. Trail maintenance projects include clearing trees and brush, improving stream crossings, and preventing erosion. He adds that about $80 million is dedicated to trail maintenance each year, and it’s estimated that that those trails contribute more than $80 billion a year to the recreation industry. 

Acording to Mark Himmel, chairman of Back Country Horsemen of Montana, his group’s chapters are among the largest volunteer-based trail organizations in the country. He said volunteer time is a great resource to help get trails on track, but relying only on volunteers isn’t realistic because of money and time.

“With diesel at $3.81 a gallon, it’s always a $40 to $50 day, you know, when you volunteer, and we only get about eight weekends to volunteer,” he said.

The GAO report also found that only about one-quarter of all trails are kept up to standard. The Wilderness Society and Back Country Horsemen requested the report.

The GAO report is at

Last Updated on Thursday, 04 July 2013 11:09

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Grizzly euthanized

A 3-year-old male grizzly bear was euthanized at the Fish, Wildlife and Parks state wildlife lab in Bozeman on June 25, a news release said.

The bear was captured June 24 on private land north of Red Lodge after two separate incidents of depredation occurring Thursday, June 20, and Saturday, June 22.

On Thursday, the bear killed one sheep, then returned on Saturday and killed seven more and wounded two others. Both USDA-Wildlife Services and FWP investigated the incidents and found the bear had been within the confines of corrals and close to buildings.

This was the third time this bear had been captured. The bear was in overall good condition for its age and time of year and weighed 200 pounds.


Last Updated on Thursday, 04 July 2013 11:09

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Havre ranch recognized

The Montana Stockgrowers Association has announced that the LaSalle Ranch of Havre has been selected winner of the 2013-2014 Montana Environmental Stewardship Award, sponsored by MSGA’s Research, Education and Endowment Foundation and funded by Montana Beef Producers with Checkoff Dollars.

LaSalle Ranch is a cow/calf and yearling operation mostly located within the boundaries of the Rocky Boys Indian Reservation. The LaSalles are members of the Chippewa Cree Tribe and the first Native American winners of this award.

Each year, MSGA honors a Montana ranch that exemplifies environmental stewardship and demonstrates a commitment toward improved sustainability within the beef industry. This award recognizes Montana ranchers who are at the forefront in conservation and stewardship and are willing to serve as examples for other ranchers. LaSalle Ranch was selected for this award by a committee that included two past national Environmental Stewardship Award winners from Montana.

“The whole LaSalle family is very proud to have been selected for this award,” said Leon LaSalle, president of LaSalle Ranch. “We understand that if we take care of the land it will take care of us. Our ancestors lived in harmony with their environment and we try to do the same. This award means a lot to me personally, not for myself, but for my father who has spent a lifetime improving the environment—not only for us, but for numerous other farmers and ranchers throughout North Central Montana.”

LaSalle Ranch is operated by the LaSalle family: Leon and his wife Shannon, his father Robert L. and mother Jenny, and brother Robert W. and his wife Susan are all involved in the operation. Leon and Robert W. represent the third generation to ranch in the area. Their grandfather, Frank Billy, was one of the first Chippewa Cree Tribal members to enter the livestock industry after World War II.

LaSalle Ranch has partnered with the Montana Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Chippewa Cree Tribe’s Natural Resource Department, and the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation to implement conservation practices and a planned grazing system to protect environmentally sensitive areas on the ranch. They have installed over seven miles of stock water pipelines, 25 wildlife-friendly watering facilities, and 10 miles of cross fences.

A major focus of the LaSalle family’s efforts has been Beaver Creek, which flows into Beaver Creek County Park, the largest county park in the U.S. This park is a very popular summer recreation area for Hill County and surrounding county residents who enjoy camping, swimming, fishing, and picnicking. The park is located on the downstream border of the LaSalle’s grazing allotment. The LaSalles have worked to keep cattle off the sensitive riparian areas of the creek by developing eight off-stream water developments, utilizing solar energy to pump livestock water to higher elevations to take grazing pressure off riparian areas and allow even grazing use of the pastures, and installing 3.5 miles of riparian area protection fences. These efforts have resulted in improved water quality in the headwaters of this watershed.

 and a more pleasant environment for recreationalists.

MSGA will work with the LaSalle Ranch to prepare its application for the regional and national award competition. Since 1992, MSGA has honored 20 state winners, nine of whom went on to win the regional award and two named national award winners. To learn more, visit

Last Updated on Thursday, 04 July 2013 11:08

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Soldiers cross ponderous Rockies – by bicycle

By SCOTT PRINZING - For The Outpost

Like author Kay Moore, I first learned of the Black Bicycle Corps when a documentary of its mission was on PBS. I recorded it on my VCR, but never got around to watching it.

As I am lax about writing what is actually on each VHS tape, it is probably in a pile of other intriguing programs I’ve yet to see.

So I was pleased to learn of “The Great Bicycle Experiment: The Army’s Historic Black Bicycle Corps, 1896-97,” by Mountain Press Publishing. It is short (just 86 pages) and is filled with historic photographs on almost every page.

Written for a juvenile audience, it is a quick but fascinating read. Thoroughly researched by Ms. Moore, it has a complete index, bibliography and information of further avenues of research for young readers.

While I was aware of this unique venture by African Americans in the post-Civil War era, I was unaware of its importance to Montana history.

For those who are unfamiliar with the story, a certain Lt. James Moss, second lieutenant at Fort Missoula in Montana, had a revolutionary idea in 1896. He was convinced that bicycles, relatively new on the scene, could be employed by the U.S. Army in place of horses for certain operations.

Horses are self-powered as well as powerful, so why bikes? Bicycles did not need to eat, drink or sleep; they would not die (although they could break); they would never disobey; and they were nearly noiseless (compared to the shoed hooves of cavalry horses). Lt. Moss was determined to test this idea and prove the worth of the bicycle in Army campaigns.

The all-black 25th Infantry was a regiment stationed at Fort Missoula at the time. Lt. Moss chose an elite group from its ranks to form the Bicycle Corps and attempt a historic 2,000-mile journey from Missoula to St. Louis.

Ms. Moore chronicles this seemingly insurmountable (to the modern reader) journey, highlighting both the challenges and the triumphs of these remarkable soldiers as they pedaled, pushed - and at times carried - their bikes across the mountains and plains and into the history books.

Not to be stuck in the distant past, the last of the 10 chapters addresses the legacy of the Bicycle Corps, following the 25th Infantry after the experiment ended, visiting historical monuments, and discussing a modern day 2,000-mile reenactment of sorts (the cyclists had to worry more about traffic than the dangers of the Wild West).

“The Great Bicycle Experiment” is both a valuable historical resource and an entertaining adventure story for readers young and old. It is a highly recommended book for both the classroom and the home (or for the homeschooled family), as it packs a lot of incredible information into a tight package.

Priced at $12, it can be purchased online or in stores.


Last Updated on Saturday, 15 June 2013 10:10

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